How Does Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable Differ from Each Other?

How Does Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable Differ

If you do not have a thorough understanding of the accounts of an organisation, you have to learn some crucial elements before you started running your business or sit for an accounting test. This is a typical topic in financial accounting (Also see Distinguishing Financial Accounting and Management Accounting).

We often hear the terms payables and receivables, which are common accounting terms. The significant dissimilarity between them is that payables are the amount that you need to pay creditors, while receivables are the amount that purchasers owe you. All businesses work under these two classifications, which comprises the vital section of your balance sheet and working capital. All financial professionals are dependent on the payables and receivables when they record the invoices and make retail payments. Listed here are some essential characteristics of both the accounts so that you can differentiate them.


The money people owe you is called accounts receivable (Also see What Are Accounts Receivables and Bad Debts?). This is part of the income. Your customers must settle this amount within a period that is agreed by both parties. As this process is just about payments that you should receive, it would not change.

On the other hand, payables have various parts to monitor. It is split into accounts payable, notes payable, interest payable, wages payable as well as bonds payable. All these payables are components of a business. These payables show the purchases you have made through credit.


Every receivable or payable possesses a period related to it. Receivables usually involve a shorter period.  At times, the dealer, as well as the buyer, may equally agree on a time frame that one party have to pay for the item to another. Typically, receivables are due within 30 days from the date they issue the invoice. If the buyer goes beyond the limit over a month, an overdue fine is added, which may be appropriate in between 60 and 90 days. You as a business owner should then pay attention for possible bad debt (Also see Recording the Provision for Bad Debts).

Payables and receivables may last for a short time or a long time. Any financial debts that you have to settle in a year are current liabilities. Besides, notes payables, as well as bonds payable, are long term and you expect them to be paid after one year or even longer.


Based on receivables and payables, you can generate a cash flow of your company. Cash inflow is the amount of money that enters, while how much money that flows out also have an impact on your accounts. As the magnitude of your cash flow increase, the ability of your firm to function will also increase.

Approach To Earnings

It is normal if you have the desire to avail your profits and revenue earlier. You would wish to lessen your expenditure too. Decide on a particular method. Offering a discount of three to four percent to your customers can help you to secure your deals as well as give rise to rapid reactions to your accounts receivable (Also see How to Sort Out Your Chaotic Finances). You may need to send emails or call them as a reminder. However, it is a simple method to make sure that you obtain the cash as soon as possible.

By understanding the fundamentals, you will be able to gain more knowledge. Engage the excellent accounting firm in JB to assist your firm and pass your accounting department examinations with flying colours.