Introduction of Balance Sheet

Introduction of Balance Sheet

A balance sheet offers an inside sight of a company’s financial standing in a provided time. It shows you the firm’s assets, liabilities, as well as the owner’s capital. The assets must always be equal to the firm’s equity from investors plus the liabilities.

A balance sheet is primarily indicating the financial toughness of the business. It shows you just how strong, economically, your company is. Regularly, you will certainly find yourself basing on the balance sheet, among the outputs of the accounting services in Johor Bahru you engage, in contemplating business strategies and to prepare of various financial reports like cash flow statement.


These are the buildings possessed by your company. There are 2 main groups of assets: Non-current assets and current assets. The money you have in bank hold by the company is categorised as the current asset as a result of its high liquidity. Equipment and various other assets such as office unit are non-current assets since they usually take more time to liquidate. Various other instances of current assets are fixed deposit and trade receivables. Such assets in most cases can be converted to cash within one financial year.

Non-current assets normally depreciate gradually. For instance, buildings as well as equipment often tend to has lower value as time passed. On the flip side, land is a solid example of assets appreciates over time. The usual sorts of set assets in business are the workplace tools, lorries, and machinery. Note that none of these are conveniently exchangeable to money within one fiscal year of business.

Total assets

If you include all the current and non-current assets owned by your business, you obtain the total assets, simple as that. This is what will be shown on your balance sheet in most cases. Take extra care however that the value you get here may or may not reflective of the market value since the purchase cost of the assets were what taken up at the first place and carried on at the same value. Should be market value fluctuates, what is shown in the Balance Sheet might not be the present economic value of the assets.

Owners’ Equity as well as Liabilities

Liabilities are typically the obligations (Whether it is actual or constructive) your company owes to the outdoors. Equity is the basically what is contributed by the shareholders, directly or indirectly, to financial part of the business so when you deduct the liabilities from the total assets, you will get the value of the equity.

Liabilities can be either anticipated to be paid not more than one year (current liabilities) or after one year (non-current liabilities). Examples are the financial obligations from vendors as well as lender and also accounts payable.  On top of that, unpaid rental, tax payable and loan from director also classified within this category.

Balance sheet is part of the financial statement that normally prepared by accounting firm, as it shows financial position at a certain point of time. For that reason, you should make sure that it is properly compiled by the building the fundamentals and obtain deep understanding on the topic (Also see 5 benefits of good accounting).